CELDF

Rights of Nature Resources

Rights of Nature: Resources

CELDF’s International Center for the Rights of Nature is partnering with civil society organizations, indigenous peoples, communities, and governments around the world to advance the Rights of Nature. Our Center’s services include legislative and policy drafting, legal research, public engagement, and trainings. Learn more below. You may also contact us at rightsofnature@celdf.org.

Advancing the Rights of Nature through Law & Policy

Community Rights of Nature Laws: Communities across the U.S. have now worked with CELDF to develop Rights of Nature in laws. This includes Pittsburgh, PA, which in 2010 became the first major U.S. city to enact a Rights of Nature law.

State Constitutional Amendments on Rights of Nature: CELDF is assisting our Community Rights Networks in several states on constitutional amendments to establish Community Rights and the Rights of Nature. This includes in Colorado and New Hampshire.

Defending the Rights of Nature in Court: CELDF is representing watersheds in two lawsuits to defend the rights of the ecosystems against the corporate “right” to dump frack waste.

Ecuador Constitution – Spanish, English: CELDF assisted the Ecuador Constituent Assembly to draft Rights of Nature constitutional provisions, such that Ecuador is the first country in the world to recognize the Rights of Nature in its Constitution. URL:

Green Party of England and Wales – Rights of Nature Policy: CELDF assisted the Party to develop a Rights of Nature policy which was adopted in February 2016.

Letter to the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment: CELDF and our partner organization, the Global Interfaith WASH Alliance-India, submitted a letter to the U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Nature and right to water in India.

U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Mother Earth: CELDF assisted in drafting the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Mother Earth, which was modeled on the U.N. Declaration on Human Rights. The Declaration has been presented to the U.N. General Assembly for its consideration.

Rights of Nature Resources

Pope Francis: In a speech at the U.N. in September 2015, Pope Francis spoke of rights of the environment.

Recommended Viewing

CELDF’s Mari Margil keynoted at the Bioneers Conference. Her speech was titled: Who Speaks for the Trees? Driving Rights of Nature into Law 

Recommended Reading

Should Trees Have StandingProf. Christopher Stone’s seminal work on the Rights of Nature

Exploring Wild LawCo-authored by CELDF’s Mari Margil

Rights of Nature News Coverage

New York Times: Ecuador’s Constitution
New York Times: 8th Annual Year in Ideas
National Public Radio: Recognizing the Right of Plants to Evolve
Boston Globe: Sued by the Forest
L.A. Times: Ecology in Ecuador
Wired: Giving Nature Its Own Rights Might Avert Future Oil Disasters
National Catholic Reporter: Nature’s rights gain some legal standing

Overview News and Updates Faqs Timeline